Western Civilization: A Concise History – Volume 1

Western Civilization: A Concise History​ is an Open Educational Resource textbook covering the history of Western Civilization from approximately 8,000 BCE to 2017 CE. It is available in three volumes covering the following time periods and topics:

  • Volume 1: from the origins of civilization in Mesopotamia c. 8,000 BCE through the early Middle Ages in Europe c. 1,000 CE. Volume 1 covers topics including Mesopotamia,Egypt, Persia, Greece, Rome, the Islamic caliphates, and the early European Middle Ages.
  • Volume 2: from the early Middle Ages to the French Revolution in 1789 CE. Volume 2covers topics including the High Middle Ages, the Renaissance, the European conquest of the Americas, the Reformation, the Scientific Revolution, and the Enlightenment.
  • Volume 3: from the Napoleonic era to the recent past. Volume 3 covers topics including the Industrial Revolution, the politics of Europe in the nineteenth century, modernEuropean imperialism, the world wars, fascism, Nazism, and the Holocaust, the postwar era, the Cold War, and recent developments in economics and politics.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1: The Origins of Civilization
  • Chapter 2: Mesopotamia
  • Chapter 3: Egypt
  • Chapter 4: The Bronze Age and the Iron Age
  • Chapter 5: The Archaic Age of Greece
  • Chapter 6: Persia and the Greek Wars
  • Chapter 7: The Classical Age of Greece
  • Chapter 8: The Hellenistic Era
  • Chapter 9: The Roman Republic
  • Chapter 10: The Roman Empire
  • Chapter 11: The Late Empire and Christianity
  • Chapter 12: The Fall of Rome
  • Chapter 13: Byzantium
  • Chapter 14: Islam and the Caliphates
  • Chapter 15: Early Medieval Europe

About the Contributors


Dr. Christopher Brooks


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