Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles

Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles pdf

Download Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles – Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles, offers a unified and up-to-date treatment of momentum, heat, and mass transfer and separations processes.

Download Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles

Buy From Amazon

This edition–reorganized and modularized for better readability and to align with modern chemical engineering curricula–covers both fundamental principles and practical applications, and is a key resource for chemical engineering students and professionals alike.

Features of Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles

  • New chapter objectives and summaries throughout
  • Better linkages between coverage of heat and mass transfer
  • More coverage of heat exchanger design
  • New problems based on emerging topics such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, and green engineering
  • New instructor resources: additional homework problems, exam questions, problem-solving videos, computational projects, and more

Part 1 thoroughly covers the fundamental principles of transport phenomena, organized into three sections: fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and mass transfer.

Part 2 focuses on key separation processes, including absorption, stripping, humidification, filtration, membrane separation, gaseous membranes, distillation, liquid—liquid extraction, adsorption, ion exchange, crystallization and particle-size reduction, settling, sedimentation, centrifugation, leaching, evaporation, and drying.

The authors conclude with convenient appendices on the properties of water, compounds, foods, biological materials, pipes, tubes, and screens.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Copyright
About Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference
Preface
Transport Processes: Momentum, Heat, and Mass
Introduction to Engineering Principles and Units
CLASSIFICATION OF TRANSPORT PROCESSES AND SEPARATION PROCESSES (UNIT OPERATIONS)
SI SYSTEM OF BASIC UNITS USED IN THIS TEXT AND OTHER SYSTEMS
METHODS OF EXPRESSING TEMPERATURES AND COMPOSITIONS
GAS LAWS AND VAPOR PRESSURE
CONSERVATION OF MASS AND MATERIAL BALANCES
ENERGY AND HEAT UNITS
CONSERVATION OF ENERGY AND HEAT BALANCES
NUMERICAL METHODS FOR INTEGRATION
PROBLEMS – Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles
REFERENCES
Principles of Momentum Transfer and Overall Balances
INTRODUCTION
FLUID STATICS
GENERAL MOLECULAR TRANSPORT EQUATION FOR MOMENTUM, HEAT, AND MASS TRANSFER
VISCOSITY OF FLUIDS
TYPES OF FLUID FLOW AND REYNOLDS NUMBER
OVERALL MASS BALANCE AND CONTINUITY EQUATION
OVERALL ENERGY BALANCE
OVERALL MOMENTUM BALANCE
SHELL MOMENTUM BALANCE AND VELOCITY PROFILE IN LAMINAR FLOW
DESIGN EQUATIONS FOR LAMINAR AND TURBULENT FLOW IN PIPES
COMPRESSIBLE FLOW OF GASES
PROBLEMS – Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles
REFERENCES
Principles of Momentum Transfer and Applications
FLOW PAST IMMERSED OBJECTS AND PACKED AND FLUIDIZED BEDS
MEASUREMENT OF FLOW OF FLUIDS
PUMPS AND GAS-MOVING EQUIPMENT
AGITATION AND MIXING OF FLUIDS AND POWER REQUIREMENTS
NON-NEWTONIAN FLUIDS
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS OF CONTINUITY
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS OF MOMENTUM TRANSFER OR MOTION
USE OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS OF CONTINUITY AND MOTION
OTHER METHODS FOR SOLUTION OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS OF MOTION
BOUNDARY-LAYER FLOW AND TURBULENCE
DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS IN MOMENTUM TRANSFER
PROBLEMS – Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles
REFERENCES
Principles of Steady-State Heat Transfer
INTRODUCTION AND MECHANISMS OF HEAT TRANSFER
CONDUCTION HEAT TRANSFER
CONDUCTION THROUGH SOLIDS IN SERIES
STEADY-STATE CONDUCTION AND SHAPE FACTORS
FORCED CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER INSIDE PIPES
HEAT TRANSFER OUTSIDE VARIOUS GEOMETRIES IN FORCED CONVECTION
NATURAL CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER
BOILING AND CONDENSATION
HEAT EXCHANGERS
INTRODUCTION TO RADIATION HEAT TRANSFER
ADVANCED RADIATION HEAT-TRANSFER PRINCIPLES
HEAT TRANSFER OF NON-NEWTONIAN FLUIDS
SPECIAL HEAT-TRANSFER COEFFICIENTS
DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS IN HEAT TRANSFER
NUMERICAL METHODS FOR STEADY-STATE CONDUCTION IN TWO DIMENSIONS
PROBLEMS – Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles
REFERENCES
Principles of Unsteady-State Heat Transfer
DERIVATION OF BASIC EQUATION
SIMPLIFIED CASE FOR SYSTEMS WITH NEGLIGIBLE INTERNAL RESISTANCE
UNSTEADY-STATE HEAT CONDUCTION IN VARIOUS GEOMETRIES
NUMERICAL FINITE-DIFFERENCE METHODS FOR UNSTEADY-STATE CONDUCTION
CHILLING AND FREEZING OF FOOD AND BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION OF ENERGY CHANGE
BOUNDARY-LAYER FLOW AND TURBULENCE IN HEAT TRANSFER
PROBLEMS
REFERENCES
Principles of Mass Transfer
INTRODUCTION TO MASS TRANSFER AND DIFFUSION
MOLECULAR DIFFUSION IN GASES
MOLECULAR DIFFUSION IN LIQUIDS
MOLECULAR DIFFUSION IN BIOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS AND GELS
MOLECULAR DIFFUSION IN SOLIDS
NUMERICAL METHODS FOR STEADY-STATE MOLECULAR DIFFUSION IN TWO DIMENSIONS
PROBLEMS – Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles
REFERENCES
Principles of Unsteady-State and Convective Mass Transfer
UNSTEADY-STATE DIFFUSION
CONVECTIVE MASS-TRANSFER COEFFICIENTS
MASS-TRANSFER COEFFICIENTS FOR VARIOUS GEOMETRIES
MASS TRANSFER TO SUSPENSIONS OF SMALL PARTICLES
MOLECULAR DIFFUSION PLUS CONVECTION AND CHEMICAL REACTION
DIFFUSION OF GASES IN POROUS SOLIDS AND CAPILLARIES
NUMERICAL METHODS FOR UNSTEADY-STATE MOLECULAR DIFFUSION
DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS IN MASS TRANSFER
BOUNDARY-LAYER FLOW AND TURBULENCE IN MASS TRANSFER
PROBLEMS
REFERENCES
Separation Process Principles (Includes Unit Operations)
Evaporation
INTRODUCTION
TYPES OF EVAPORATION EQUIPMENT AND OPERATION METHODS
OVERALL HEAT-TRANSFER COEFFICIENTS IN EVAPORATORS
CALCULATION METHODS FOR SINGLE-EFFECT EVAPORATORS
CALCULATION METHODS FOR MULTIPLE-EFFECT EVAPORATORS
CONDENSERS FOR EVAPORATORS
EVAPORATION OF BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS
EVAPORATION USING VAPOR RECOMPRESSION
PROBLEMS – Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles
REFERENCES
Drying of Process Materials
INTRODUCTION AND METHODS OF DRYING
EQUIPMENT FOR DRYING
VAPOR PRESSURE OF WATER AND HUMIDITY
EQUILIBRIUM MOISTURE CONTENT OF MATERIALS
RATE-OF-DRYING CURVES
CALCULATION METHODS FOR CONSTANT-RATE DRYING PERIOD
CALCULATION METHODS FOR FALLING-RATE DRYING PERIOD
COMBINED CONVECTION, RADIATION, AND CONDUCTION HEAT TRANSFER IN CONSTANT-RATE PERIOD
DRYING IN FALLING-RATE PERIOD BY DIFFUSION AND CAPILLARY FLOW
EQUATIONS FOR VARIOUS TYPES OF DRYERS
FREEZE-DRYING OF BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS
UNSTEADY-STATE THERMAL PROCESSING AND STERILIZATION OF BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS
PROBLEMS – Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles
REFERENCES
Stage and Continuous Gas–Liquid Separation Processes
TYPES OF SEPARATION PROCESSES AND METHODS
EQUILIBRIUM RELATIONS BETWEEN PHASES
SINGLE AND MULTIPLE EQUILIBRIUM CONTACT STAGES
MASS TRANSFER BETWEEN PHASES
CONTINUOUS HUMIDIFICATION PROCESSES
ABSORPTION IN PLATE AND PACKED TOWERS
ABSORPTION OF CONCENTRATED MIXTURES IN PACKED TOWERS
ESTIMATION OF MASS-TRANSFER COEFFICIENTS FOR PACKED TOWERS
HEAT EFFECTS AND TEMPERATURE VARIATIONS IN ABSORPTION
PROBLEMS – Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles
REFERENCES
Vapor–Liquid Separation Processes
VAPOR–LIQUID EQUILIBRIUM RELATIONS
SINGLE-STAGE EQUILIBRIUM CONTACT FOR VAPOR–LIQUID SYSTEM
SIMPLE DISTILLATION METHODS
DISTILLATION WITH REFLUX AND McCABE–THIELE METHOD
DISTILLATION AND ABSORPTION EFFICIENCIES FOR TRAY AND PACKED TOWERS
FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION USING ENTHALPY–CONCENTRATION METHOD
DISTILLATION OF MULTICOMPONENT MIXTURES
PROBLEMS
REFERENCES
Liquid–Liquid and Fluid–Solid Separation Processes
INTRODUCTION TO ADSORPTION PROCESSES
BATCH ADSORPTION
DESIGN OF FIXED-BED ADSORPTION COLUMNS
ION-EXCHANGE PROCESSES
SINGLE-STAGE LIQUID–LIQUID EXTRACTION PROCESSES
TYPES OF EQUIPMENT AND DESIGN FOR LIQUID–LIQUID EXTRACTION
CONTINUOUS MULTISTAGE COUNTERCURRENT EXTRACTION
INTRODUCTION AND EQUIPMENT FOR LIQUID–SOLID LEACHING
EQUILIBRIUM RELATIONS AND SINGLE-STAGE LEACHING
COUNTERCURRENT MULTISTAGE LEACHING
INTRODUCTION AND EQUIPMENT FOR CRYSTALLIZATION
CRYSTALLIZATION THEORY
PROBLEMS – Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles
REFERENCES
Membrane Separation Processes
INTRODUCTION AND TYPES OF MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES
LIQUID PERMEATION MEMBRANE PROCESSES OR DIALYSIS
GAS PERMEATION MEMBRANE PROCESSES
COMPLETE-MIXING MODEL FOR GAS SEPARATION BY MEMBRANES
COMPLETE-MIXING MODEL FOR MULTICOMPONENT MIXTURES
CROSS-FLOW MODEL FOR GAS SEPARATION BY MEMBRANES
DERIVATION OF EQUATIONS FOR COUNTERCURRENT AND COCURRENT FLOW FOR GAS SEPARATION FOR MEMBRANES
DERIVATION OF FINITE-DIFFERENCE NUMERICAL METHOD FOR ASYMMETRIC MEMBRANES
REVERSE-OSMOSIS MEMBRANE PROCESSES
APPLICATIONS, EQUIPMENT, AND MODELS FOR REVERSE OSMOSIS
ULTRAFILTRATION MEMBRANE PROCESSES
MICROFILTRATION MEMBRANE PROCESSES
PROBLEMS
REFERENCES
Mechanical–Physical Separation Processes
INTRODUCTION AND CLASSIFICATION OF MECHANICAL–PHYSICAL SEPARATION PROCESSES
FILTRATION IN SOLID–LIQUID SEPARATION
SETTLING AND SEDIMENTATION IN PARTICLE–FLUID SEPARATION
CENTRIFUGAL SEPARATION PROCESSES
MECHANICAL SIZE REDUCTION
PROBLEMS
REFERENCES
Fundamental Constants and Conversion Factors
Gas Law Constant R
Volume and Density
Length
Mass
Standard Acceleration of Gravity
Volume
Force
Pressure
Power
Heat, Energy, Work
Thermal Conductivity
Heat-Transfer Coefficient
Viscosity
Diffusivity
Mass Flux and Molar Flux
Heat Flux and Heat Flow
Heat Capacity and Enthalpy
Mass-Transfer Coefficient
Temperature
Physical Properties of Water
Physical Properties of Inorganic and Organic Compounds
Physical Properties of Foods and Biological Materials
Thermal Conductivities, Densities, and Viscosities of Foods
Properties of Pipes, Tubes, and Screens
Notation
About the Author
Index

Preface – Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles

In this third edition, the main objectives and the format of the first and second editions remain the same. The sections on momentum, transfer have been greatly expanded, especially in the sections covering differential equations of momentum transfer. This now allows full coverage of the transport processes of momentum, heat, and mass transfer. Also, a section on adsorption and an expanded chapter on membrane processes have been added to the unit operations sections. The field of chemical engineering involved ‘with physical and physical-t::hemical changes of inorganic and organic materials, and to some extent biological materials, is overlapping more and more with the other process engineering fields of ceramic engineering, process metallurgy, agricultural food engineering, wastewater treatment (civil) engineering, and bioengineering. Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles

The principles of momentum, heat, and mass transport and the unit operations are used in these processing fields, The principles of momentum transfer and heat transfer have been taught to all engineers. The study of mass transfer has been limited primarily to chemical engineers. However, engineers in other fields have become more interested in mass transfer in gases, liquids, and solids. Since chemical and other engineering students must study so many topics today, a more unified introduction to the transport processes of momentum, heat, and mass transfer and to the applications of unit operations is provided. In this tex t the principles of the transport processes are covered first, and then the unit operations. To accomplish this, the text is divided into two main parts.

Related Books

About the Author

A. Allen Hersel is currently the associate dean of engineering at Trine University in Angola, Indiana. He is also an associate professor in the department of chemical engineering, where he has taught transport phenomena and separations for the last 12 years. His research is in the area of bioseparations and engineering education. Before entering academia, he worked for Koch Industries and Kellogg Brown & Root. He holds a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from Yale University.

Daniel H. Lepek is a professor in the department of chemical engineering at The Cooper Union. His research interests include particle technology, fluidization and multiphase flow, pharmaceutical engineering, modeling of transport and biotransport phenomena, and engineering education. He is an active member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), the International Society of Pharmaceutical Engineering (ISPE), and the American Society of Engineering Education (ASEE). He received a bachelor of engineering degree in chemical engineering from The Cooper Union and received his Ph.D. degree in chemical engineering from New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT).

Share this:

Comment