SIWES REPORT- NIGERIA TELEVISION AUTHORITY ONITSHA
This is a 6 Months industrial training report carried out at Nigeria Television Authority Onitsha Anambra State.
The Nigerian Television Authority – also known as NTA is a government-owned and partly commercial broadcaster that was inaugurated in 1977, at inauguration it had monopoly on television broadcasting in the country. The NTA runs the biggest television network in Nigeria with stations in several parts of Nigeria. Formerly known as Nigerian Television (NTV), the network began with a takeover of regional television stations in 1976 by the then Nigerian military authorities, and is widely viewed as the authentic voice of the Nigerian government. NTA’s monopoly was broken in the 1990s.
The first chairman of NTV was Olapade Obisesan, a lawyer trained in the United Kingdom and son of Akinpelu Obisesan an Ibadan socialite and first President of Cooperative Bank, Nigeria. The first official director general was Vincent Maduka a former engineer prior to his appointment Maduka was General Manager of Western Nigeria Television, Ibadan, which was Africa’s first television station. The NTA has been criticized by performing artists such as Becky Umeh for pressuring artists to align their expression with government propaganda goals.
2.2. HISTORY OF NIGERIA TELEVISION AUTHORITY
SIWES REPORT: Television began broadcasting on 31 October 1959 under the name Western Nigerian Government Broadcasting Corporation (WNTV) with Olapade Obisesan as its first Chairman. It was based in Ibadan and was the first television station in Tropical Africa. Other Northern parts of Africa already had a television station.
NTA was founded in 1977. By 1979, it had reached about 20% of the population.
- Television Kaduna / Radio Kaduna Television (RKTV) was established. It was based in Kadunaand was operated by the Broadcasting Company of Northern Nigeria. RKTV also provided coverage for the central northern states. Later in 1977 it was re-branded NTV-Kaduna.
- April 1962 The Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) was established; it was a federal government-owned service. Based in the city of Lagos it broadcast to the south western states.
- 1972 Midwest TV was established as TV broadcaster at Port Harcourt. This was run by the state government in Benin.
- 1974 Benue-Plateau Television Corporation (BPTV) was established and was based in Jos. It was the first television station to launch regular/permanent colour broadcasts in Africa. The colour test transmissions commenced 1 October 1975. BPTV was re-branded as NTV-Jos.
- From May 1977 all the state television broadcasters named above were merged and re-branded Nigerian Television (NTV) and are now owned by Nigerian Television Authority.