Logical Reasoning by Bradley H. Dowden

Logical Reasoning by Bradley H. Dowden

Logical Reasoning – The goal of this book is to improve your logical-reasoning skills. These skills are also called “critical thinking skills.” They are a complex weave of abilities that help you get someone’s point, generate reasons for your own point, evaluate the reasons given by others, decide what or what not to do, decide what information to accept or reject, explain a complicated idea, apply conscious quality control as you think, and resist propaganda. Your most important critical thinking skill is your skill at making judgments─not snap judgments that occur in the blink of an eye, but those that require careful reasoning.

This book is also available as an adaptable Word file.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1 How to Reason Logically
  • Chapter 2 Claims, Issues, and Arguments
  • Chapter 3 Writing with the Appropriate Precision
  • Chapter 4 How to Evaluate Information and Judge Credibility
  • Chapter 5 Obstacles to Better Communication
  • Chapter 6 Writing to Convince Others
  • Chapter 7 Defending Against Deception
  • Chapter 8 Detecting Fallacies
  • Chapter 9 Consistency and Inconsistency
  • Chapter 10 Deductive Reasoning
  • Chapter 11 Logical Form and Sentential Logic
  • Chapter 12 Aristotelian Logic and Venn-Euler Diagrams
  • Chapter 13 Inductive Reasoning
  • Chapter 14 Reasoning about Causes and Their Effects
  • Chapter 15 Scientific Reasoning

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About the Contributors


Bradley H. Dowden, California State University Sacramento