How To Become A Hacker

How To Become A Hacker

Most people want to learn hacking just for the fun of it while for some it could be the desire to be computer experts and some for the fascination of technology.

For you to become a hacker, you need to learn about what’s involved in it.

You need to at least learn coding and the fundamentals of networking and security.

So in this article, we will be looking at what hacking is, who a hacker is and the skills required to become a hacker.

What is Hacking?

Hacking is gaining access to a system after identifying its weaknesses and vulnerability.

According to economic times, it’s unauthorized access to a private network in a system for an illicit purpose.

Hacking is the illegal use of computer systems to cause damage, steal data or disrupt data-related activities.

An example is using an algorithm for password cracking to access a system.

To run a successful business, computers are important. Having isolated systems it’s not enough because they need to be networked to stimulate communication for external businesses as it exposes them to hacking.

Hacking a system simply means using a system to perpetrate fraudulent activities.

Millions of dollars have been lost due to cybercrimes every single year and businesses strive to safeguard themselves from such attacks.

Who is a Hacker?

Hackers are individuals with knowledge of computer security who are also skilled computer programmers.

A hacker is someone who unearths and manipulates the weakness in computer systems to gain access to them.

They use their ability to obtain unauthorized entry to networks to commit crimes. For example, a hacker loots information to harm people through identity theft or bring down a system.

This term hacker is referred to someone who uses his skill for illegal purposes.

It can also be used as a term of liking to people who display a degree of creativity in their strategy to technical issues. 

How does hacking work?

Technical skills are employed by hackers to manipulate cybersecurity.

The main aim is to obtain unauthorized permits to computers, mobile devices or the internet.

Most professional hackers with their skills deduce security holes in enterprise systems and instruct companies on where they should improve their security defences to keep threat actors out.

They steal login details and credentials and other important information.

The different types of hackers have a forum where they exchange information on hacking. There are numerous forums that offer a guide on hacking.

These forums are hosted on the dark web and offer an outlet for requesting hacking services.

Hackers who lack skills use scripts and some software programs to gain access to corporate networks.

The software may exploit network data to collect information from the target system.

These scripts are broadcast on numerous forums offered on the internet for new hackers to use. These individuals are called scripted kiddies due to their use of scripts and inability to build their code.

What are the different types of hackers?

There are a few types of hackers and they are as follows 

Ethical hackers:

They are also known as white hat hackers. They try to perform well to the public interest rather than to cause unrest.

Some ethical hackers hired to break into a company’s network do pen-testing. They report a company’s vulnerabilities on security.

And this is reported to security firms who help their clients with the security problems before hackers start to manipulate them.

Threat actors:

They are also known as the black hat hackers. With their vicious intentions, they try to gain unauthorized entry to systems. They steal data, destroy systems to gain notoriety, etc.

These hackers are criminals because they go against the law to access systems without permission. They engage in other illegal acts like identity theft, corporate spying, etc

Grey hat hackers:

These types of hackers stand between the ethical and threat actors. Their motive could be similar but grey hat hackers can gain entry into systems without authorization. At the same time, they’re more likely than the threat actors to resist any havoc on the hacked systems.

They also propose to fix any vulnerability they uncover during any of their activities rather than using their knowledge for illegal profit.

Red hat hackers:

They are known as vigilantes or eagle-eyed hackers. They are kind of similar to ethical hackers and they work together to stop the attacks by threat actors. 

They have a different methodology as they use illegal actions. They launch cyber attacks on the threat actor’s systems.

Blue hat hackers:

They use hacking as a social weapon and are known as vengeful hackers.

It is used as revenge on individuals or employers.

They post personal data online to ruin an organization’s reputation or attempt to gain access to social media accounts or emails.

Script Kiddies:

They are inexperienced and amateur hackers who crown their hacking efforts with pre-written scripts. They cause damage to systems.

Hacktivist:

These hackers have formed organizations where they use cyberattacks to affect political change.

The aim is to drive attention to the public on anything that violates human rights.

They try to reveal evidence of wrongdoings through hacktivism attacks by bringing to public information or images.

What Are The Common Hacking Techniques?

With the techniques evolving to keep up with an improvement in cyber security, below are persistent common hacking techniques

Phishing:

This hacker simply creates an email that seems to come from a legitimate company prompting the user to open it. The user discloses personal information like credit card details, age, security number, etc and falls into the trick.

Virus and malicious codes:

A code including worms and the trojan horse is inserted by the hacker into files with the intent to monitor users’ activities by stealing cookies.

User interface (UI) redress:

Also known as clickjacking is used to create a fake UI and link on a webpage. However, tricking the user to click on It. Then the hacker takes control of the system without the user being aware of it.

DoS and DDoS:

The users are denied access to their networks, systems, or other technological resources. 

This technique is used by hackers to disrupt traffic flow by crashing networks, systems.

Domain name system(DNS)cache poisoning:

Also known as DNS Spoofing exploits web servers or DNS clients by moving traffic to fake servers.

Structured query languages(SQL) Injection:

To get access to unauthorized resources, an SQL code is added to a web form input box.

Keylogger Injection: 

This technique is injected into the users’ system to monitor users keystrokes. The threat actor is enabled to steal login credentials and data

Brute force attack:

Automated tools are used to guess combinations of passwords and usernames until the correct one is discovered.

How To Become A Hacker

It’s not easy to become a hacker because there are lots of steps to take which are necessarily not easy.

Attitude and skillsets are 2 cornerstones for being a hacker expert. The key to the success of a hacker is to know the great depth of things.

Below are the steps to guide you to become a hacker

Read the hacking manifesto:

Becoming a hacker isn’t easy as you have to develop an attitude and curiosity. You need to read the manifesto to learn the attitude of a hacker.

You need to be competent by learning the languages and nurturing the attitude of a hacker.

You could see them as criminals but the truth of the matter is that hackers are hired by companies to protect information. 

As a hacker, you need to learn the act of being over-curious.

As a hacker, you need to learn to breach secrecy or rules.

Stealing to cause pain or harm others isn’t hacking but these people are called crackers who are involved in fraudulent acts. 

Learn to program in C:

One of the powerful languages in programming is called C Programming. It is very important to learn this language.

It was invented between the years 1969 and 1973 by Denise Ritchie at AT&T Bell Labs. 

If you want to divide your task in smaller pieces that can be expressed by commands, C Programming can help you achieve that.

There are lots of C Programming resources you can read to understand the power of C Programming.

To understand the depth of this programming language, you can read the book “C Programming Language” by Brian Kernighan, Dennis Ritchie

Learn more than one programming language:

It’s very necessary to learn different programming languages like Java, PHP, Python, etc if you want to become a hacker.

One of the best ways is by reading books from experts. It will help you learn more about other languages and data formats like JSON, and others as it’s a way to transfer data between client and server.

One of the popular programming languages is java and it’s proven to be secure.

Perl is a general programming language that can be interpreted.

It borrows some features of the C language.

When trying to automate some repetitive tasks, Python comes in handy. The best language for web development.

Due to its simplicity, it’s the favourite language for programmers as it is used by several individuals for automation.

HTML is a markup language based on web pages created. The HTML code is read by browsers to display web pages.

Learn UNIX:

The best way to learn UNIX is to get into an open-source version and run It yourself.

UNIX is a multi-user operating system that delivers good security to systems.

You must understand UNIX if you want to become a hacker.

If you haven’t used UNIX, the Linux commands can help make you comfortable for a start.

Knowing the internals of this operating system can boost your skills

Learn more than one operating system:

Asides from UNIX, there are other operating systems like Windows. It is a complex operating system. It can be okay to learn to hack Microsoft systems.

Microsoft systems have some vulnerabilities according to the national vulnerability database.

One of the vulnerabilities was the application of java web start gets launched automatically even if the java plug-ins are disabled.

Knowing the weakness of operating systems and systematically targeting them is how to become a hacker.

Learn networking concepts:

When you want to be a hacker, the networking concepts should be sharp.

It’s important to understand how networks are created, though you still need to know the different types of networks.

It’s important to understand the protocol of TCP/IP and UDP in order to manipulate the weakness of the web. You will need to understand VPN, LAN, WAP

One of the powerful network scanning tools used by hackers to point out vulnerable hosts is Nmap. But you need to understand the networking basics of Nmap.

Read some tutorials about hacking:

Read many tutorials about hacking. This is the sure way to start. It will give you the insight to develop the attitude of a hacker.

Some of the tutorials will prompt you to use Nmap, SuperScan, and other hacking tools used by hackers.

Some of the tools are available online.

Learning Cryptography:

You need to master cryptography if you want to be a hacker expert.

For networking, the technology of encryption and cryptography is very important.

It’s the study of techniques used for closed communication in the presence of third parties.

However, the cryptography technology is used in systems, ATMs, etc

Note that decryption is the hacking of encrypted codes.

You can try reading encryption algorithms to know why it’s difficult to decrypt. You can engage in challenges for decrypting powerful encryptions.

FAQ

  1.  How can someone become a hacker?

To become a hacker, learn basic hacking techniques, how to think like a hacker, and how to gain respect within the ethical hacking community.

  1. Do hackers go to jail?

Hacking (or more formally, “unauthorized computer access”) is defined in California law as knowingly accessing any computer, computer system or network without permission and it’s punishable by up to a year in county jail.

Conclusion

Becoming a hacker is not a simple task because you will need to follow some important steps in order not to start up as an amateur.

You can learn by reading books and tutorials, experimenting and engaging in some hacking challenges.

References

What are Hacking and Types?

Who is a Hacker?

How to become a pro hacker

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