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Description of Handbook of Civil Engineering Calculations 3rd Edition PDF
Up-To-Date Techniques for Solving Any Civil Engineering Problem
Perform complex design and construction calculations quickly and accurately with help from this thoroughly revised guide. Handbook of Civil Engineering Calculations, Third Edition, features more than 3,000 logically organized calculations that align with the latest practices, codes, and standards. You will get start-to-finish calculation procedures for Load Resistance Factor Design (LRFD), anti-terrorism components, enhanced building security, green construction, safe bridge design, and environmentally sound water treatment. All-new steps to improve indoor air quality and protect structures from hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, and waves are also discussed in this on-the-job resource.
This fully updated third edition covers:
· Structural Steel Engineering and Design
· Reinforced and Pre-stressed Concrete Engineering and Design
PREFACE – Handbook of Civil Engineering Calculations 3rd Edition PDF
This third edition of this handbook has been thoroughly updated to reflect the new developments in civil engineering since the publication of the second edition.
Thus, Section 1 contains 35 new LRFD (load resistance factor design) calculation procedures. The new procedures show the civil engineer how to use LRFD in his or her daily design work, and since LRFD is a preferred design method among recent civil engineering graduates, the handbook is right in line with current design methods.
However, since an alternative design method is still used by some engineers around the world, namely ASD—Allowable Stress Design—it, too, is covered in this handbook. Thus the civil engineer will find both methods available to him or her so a suitable design method can be chosen using the third edition of this handbook.
Section 2, on reinforced and prestressed concrete, has been updated with new calculation procedures. The calculation procedures given in this handbook provide a wide-ranging coverage of this important specialty in civil engineering.
Section 3, timber engineering, has new methods and procedures for making calculations in this popular branch of civil engineering.
Section 4, soil mechanics, provides new ways to make soil calculations. Since nearly all structures require soil calculations, the new method given is an important addition to this handbook.
Section 5, surveying, route design, and highway bridges, has important new calculation procedures. Highways and roads, in much of the civilized world, are in poor condition. Potholes, cracks, and edge deterioration are rampant. Drivers often suffer blown tires, broken axles, and damaged wheels on such highways and roads. Handbook of Civil Engineering Calculations 3rd Edition PDF
When complaints are filed, the most frequent answer heard is “Roadway budgets have been cut; we don’t have the money for repairs.” In the United States, Congress is considering a major highway repair bill, but it seems to be moving very slowly—much slower than it should—considering the poor conditions of highways and local roads.
If the bill passes and money is appropriated for highway and road repairs, an enormous amount of work will be required. Civil engineers will have at least 10 years of highway and road work ahead of them. And, as part of the bill, new highways will be built. This will open opportunities for creative designs that make for safer driving in all types of weather. Truly, an exciting future is open to civil engineers in highway and road work.
As part of highway and road repairs, bridges will also need lots of work, plus—in some cases—complete replacement. Bridges have suffered numerous failures in recent years, with unfortunate loss of life. Many highway bridges need extensive repairs to steel elements, along with reinforced concrete rehabilitation.
Again, money is needed for this important work. And, like highways, the excuse is lack of funding. Hopefully, money assigned to highway repairs will include funds for bridge repair and replacement. Handbook of Civil Engineering Calculations 3rd Edition PDF
With bridge design constantly improving and new repair methods being developed, highway spans will be upgraded to reduce the loss of life from structural failures. The third edition of this handbook includes much valuable material on safe and effective bridge design. Civil engineers are urged to become familiar with codes covering safe bridge design. Knowing, and using, such codes will enhance almost every design, while making it safer for drivers and pedestrians.
With the highway, road, and bridge work ahead in next one or two decades, civil engineers have a very bright future. These engineers will seldom want for an important position. The demand for their skills will be ongoing for a very long time.
Section 6, fluid mechanics, pumps, piping, and hydro power, has new calculation procedures in it. A new method of generating hydro power in drinking water, irrigation, and wastewater lines is presented in this section. Also, a proven way for preliminary hydro power generating unit selection is given.
Section 7, water supply and storm-water system design, presents new ideas on water supply and usage. Water shortages are plaguing many parts of the world today. And these water shortages go far beyond the drinking water supply. In some countries the water shortage extends to farms. Owners of farms do not have enough natural water to irrigate their crops. So, some farmers move from nearly barren lands to more copiously supplied areas where they can safely grow their crops.
Drinking water supplies, covered in this section of this handbook, are also in short supply in some countries. Such shortages are critical to people’s health. Finding sufficient potable water and delivering it to people’s homes and work places is a critical task for civil engineers. The design of safe drinking water systems is also presented in this section. Thus, the civil engineer has the tools to provide safe drinking water, regardless of its source.
And since storm waters may be a source of drinking water, and a scourge to roads and buildings, its control is also provided. Full coverage of storm-water runoff rates, rainfall intensity, and the sizing of sewer pipes is also given in this section. Thus, the civil engineer is fully prepared to both supply and control water in all its uses and sources.
Section 8 covers sanitary wastewater treatment and control—an important topic in today’s environmentally conscious world. The newest treatment methods are discussed in a number of important calculation procedures.
Section 9 covers engineering economics. This section has been fully revised so it focuses on the key calculations the civil engineer must make during his or her career. The result is a laser-like focus on the important calculation procedures used in daily civil engineering practice.
Since the second edition of this book was published, there have been major changes in civil engineering. These changes include following:
- Antiterrorism construction to protect large and small buildings structurally against terror attacks such as those that have occurred in New York, Paris, Mali, etc.
- Increased building security features are now included in almost every major—and many minor—structures to which the public has access. The increased security is to prevent internal and external sabotage and terrorism that could endanger the occupants and the structure.
- Building Codes have been changed to provide better protection for occupants and structures. These Code changes affect the daily design procedures of many civil engineers. Such changes are reflected in a number of the calculation procedures in this handbook.
- “Green” building design is more popular than ever. Buildings now win awards for their “green” efficiency that reduces energy consumption in new, existing, and rehabilitated buildings. Such “green” awards are important leasing sales features.
- Major steps to improve indoor air quality (IAQ) for all buildings have been taken in building design. These steps include much more than prohibiting occupants from smoking in buildings. New rules prohibit smoking within stated distances of the exterior of buildings. IAQ is a major concern in office buildings, schools, hotels, motels, factories, and other buildings throughout the world.
- Better hurricane, tornado, flood, and wave resistance design of buildings and other public structures after several disasters including Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy, the superstorms in the Pacific and Indian Ocean. The loss of more than 250,000 lives in such storms has civil engineers searching for better ways to design, and build, structure—buildings, bridges, dams, etc.—to withstand the enormous forces of nature while protecting occupants. Also under study are (a) early-warning systems to alert people to the onset of dangerous conditions and (b) better escape routes for people fleeing affected areas. New approaches to levee and flood wall design, especially in cities like New Orleans, are being used to prevent recurrence of Hurricane Katrina losses. All these changes will be the work of civil engineers, with the assistance of other specialized professionals.
Taller buildings are being constructed in major cities around the worid. Thus, 1,000-foot+ (305 m) mixed-use buildings (residences, stores, offices) are being constructed worldwide. Some even have wind turbines to generate the electric power needed to run the building. Civil engineers will be busy designing the foundations, structural members, and reinforced and prestressed concrete elements of these extra-tall buildings for years to come.
And with the emphasis on “clean energy,” hydro power sites are being developed at a faster pace than in many previous decades. New, and updated, generating facilities offer more than just electricity. Some serve as water-supply sources for fresh water used in both agricultural and domestic systems. Sites being developed are in areas throughout the world because electricity is needed almost everywhere on the globe. Civil engineers have, and will continue to have, a major role in the design and construction of these new, and updated, hydro power facilities.
With so many changes “on the drawing board” and computer screen, civil engineers and designers are seeking ways to include the advancements in their current and future design of buildings, bridges, dams, and other structures. This third edition includes many of the proposed changes so designers can include them in their thinking and calculations.
While there are computer programs that help the civil engineer with a variety of engi-neering calculations, such programs are highly specialized and do not have the breadth of coverage this handbook provides. Further, such computer programs are usually expensive. Because of their high cost, these computer programs can be justified only when a civil engineer makes a number of repetitive calculations on almost a daily basis. In contrast, this handbook can be used in the office, field, drafting room, or laboratory. It provides industry-wide coverage in a convenient and affordable package. As such, this handbook fills a long-existing need felt by civil engineers worldwide.
In contrast, civil engineers using civil-engineering computer programs often find data-entry time requirements excessive for quick one-off-type calculations. When one-off-type calculations are needed, most civil engineers today turn to their electronic calculator, desktop, or laptop computer and perform the necessary steps to obtain the solution desired. But where repetitive calculations are required, a purchased computer program will save time and energy in the usual medium-size or large civil-engineering design office. Small civil-engineering offices generally resort to manual calculation for even repetitive procedures because the investment for one or more major calculation programs is difficult to justify in economic terms.
Even when purchased computer programs are extensively used, careful civil engineers still insist on manually checking results on a random basis to be certain the program is accurate. This checking can be speeded by any of the calculation procedures given in this handbook. Many civil engineers remark to the author that they feel safer, knowing they have manually verified the computer results on a spot-check basis. With liability for civil engineering designs extending beyond the lifetime of the designer, every civil engineer seeks the “security blanket” provided by manual verification of the results furnished by a computer program run on a desktop, laptop, or workstation computer. This handbook gives the tools needed for manual verification of some 2000 civil engineering calculation procedures.
Each section in this handbook is written by one or more experienced professional engineers who is a specialist in the field covered. The contributors draw on their wide experience in their field to give each calculation procedure an in-depth coverage of its topic. So the person using the procedure gets step-by-step instructions for making the calculation plus background information on the subject that is the topic of the procedure.
And because the handbook is designed for worldwide use, both earlier and more modern topics are covered. For example, the handbook includes concise coverage of riveted girders, columns, and connections. While today’s civil engineer may say that riveted construction is a method long past its prime, there are millions of existing structures worldwide that were built using rivets. So when a civil engineer is called on to expand, rehabilitate, or tear down such a structure, he or she must be able to analyze the riveted portions of the structure. This handbook provides that capability in a convenient and concise form.
In the realm of modern design techniques, the load and resistance factor method (LRFD) is covered with more than 30 calculation procedures showing its use in various design situations. The LRFD method is ultimately expected to replace the well-known and widely used allowable stress design (ASD) method for structural steel building frameworks. In today’s design world, many civil engineers are learning the advantages of the LRFD method and growing to prefer it over the ASD method. Handbook of Civil Engineering Calculations 3rd Edition PDF
Also included in this handbook is a comprehensive section titled “How to Use This Handbook.” It details the variety of ways a civil engineer can use this handbook in his or her daily engineering work. Included as part of this section are steps showing the civil engineer how to construct a private list of SI conversion factors for the specific work the engineer specializes in.
The step-by-step practical and applied calculation procedures in this handbook are arranged so they can be followed by anyone with an engineering or scientific background. Each worked-out procedure presents fully explained and illustrated steps for solving sim-ilar problems in civil engineering design, research, field, academic, or license-examination situations. For any applied problem, all the civil engineer needs to do is place his or her calculation sheets alongside this handbook and follow the step-by-step procedure line for line to obtain the desired solution for the actual real-life problem. By following the calcu-lation procedures in this handbook, the civil engineer, scientist, or technician will obtain accurate results in minimum time with least effort. And the approaches and solutions pre-sented are modern throughout.
The editor hopes this handbook is helpful to civil engineers worldwide. If the handbook user finds procedures that belong in the book but have been left out, the editor urges the engineer to send the title of the procedure to him, in care of the publisher. If the procedure is useful, the editor will ask for the entire text. And if the text is publishable, the editor will include the calculation procedure in the next edition of the handbook. Full credit will be given to the person sending the procedure to the editor. And if users find any errors in the handbook, the editor will be grateful for having these called to his attention. Such errors will be corrected in the next printing of the handbook. In closing, the editor hopes that civil engineers worldwide find this handbook helpful in their daily work. Handbook of Civil Engineering Calculations 3rd Edition PDF
TYLER G. HICKS, P.E.
About the Author
Tyler G. Hicks, PE, is an experienced consulting engineer and is the author of more than twenty books on engineering and related fields. He has worked on plant design and operation in a variety of industries, taught at several engineering schools, and lectured both in the United States and abroad.