First Aid for the USMLE Step 2 CK PDF

First Aid for the USMLE Step 2 CK pdf

Download USMLE Step 2 CK – The eighth edition of First Aid for the USMLE Step 2 CK is written by medical students who successfully passed the exam and reviewed by top faculty.

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The result is proven information and strategies that maximize your study time and deliver the results you want!

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Features: USMLE Step 2 CK

  • Thousands of must-know facts that summarize frequently tested topics
  • Completely updated based on feedback from students who passed
  • 120+ photographs similar to those on the exam
  • Full-color design includes numerous clinical images
  • Rapid Review section for last-minute cramming
  • Updated ratings of Step 2 CK review resources

Table of Contents: USMLE Step 2 CK

Contributing Authors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Image Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Web Contributor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Faculty Reviewers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix
Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
How to Contribute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii
How to Use This Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xv
SECTION 1: GUIDE TO EFFICIENT EXAM
PREPARATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
USMLE Step 2 CK—Computer-Based Testing
Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Defining Your Goal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Study Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Test-Day Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Testing Agencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
SECTION 2: DATABASE OF HIGH-YIELD
FACTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
How to Use the Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Cardiovascular . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Dermatology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Endocrinology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Epidemiology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Ethics and Legal Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Gastrointestinal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Hematology/Oncology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Infectious Disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Musculoskeletal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
Neurology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241
Obstetrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281
Gynecology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317
Pediatrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353
Psychiatry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393
Pulmonary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 419
Renal/Genitourinary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 439
Selected Topics in Emergency Medicine . . . . . . . . 465
Rapid Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 487
SECTION 3: TOP-RATED REVIEW
RESOURCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513
How to Use the Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514
Comprehensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 516
Question Banks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 520
Internal Medicine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522
Neurology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 527
OB/GYN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 529
Pediatrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 532
Psychiatry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 535
Surgery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 538
Commercial Review Courses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 541
Appendix I: Abbreviations and Symbols . . . . . . . . . 543
Appendix II: Common Laboratory Values . . . . . . . . 549
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 551
About the Authors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575
C

Preface – USMLE Step 2 CK

With the eighth edition of First Aid for the USMLE Step 2 CK, we continue our commitment to providing students with the most useful and up-to-date preparation guide for the USMLE Step 2 CK. The eighth edition represents a thorough revision in many ways and includes: n An all-new color design for better learning. n New, innovative flash cards embedded in the margins to reinforce key concepts. n Hundreds of new color images and illustrations throughout the text. n A revised and updated exam preparation guide for the USMLE Step 2 CK that includes updated study and testtaking strategies for the FRED v2 computer-based testing (CBT) format. n Revisions and new material based on student experience with recent administrations of the USMLE Step 2 CK. n Concise summaries of more than 1000 heavily tested clinical topics written for fast, high-yield studying. n An updated “rapid review” that tests your knowledge of each topic for last-minute cramming. n A completely revised, in-depth guide to clinical science review and sample examination books. The eighth edition would not have been possible without the help of the many students and faculty members who contributed their feedback and suggestions. We invite students and faculty to continue sharing their thoughts and ideas to help us improve First Aid for the USMLE Step 2 CK. (See How to Contribute, p. xiii.)

Acknowledgments – USMLE Step 2 CK

This has been a collaborative project from the start. We gratefully acknowledge the thoughtful comments, corrections, and advice of the many medical students, international medical graduates, and faculty who have supported the authors in the continuing development of First Aid for the USMLE Step 2 CK. For support and encouragement throughout the process, we are grateful to Thao Pham, Selina Franklin, and Louise Petersen. Thanks also to those who supported the authors through the revision process. Thanks to our publisher, McGraw-Hill, for the valuable assistance of their staff. For enthusiasm, support, and commitment to this challenging project, thanks to our editor, Catherine Johnson. For outstanding editorial work, we thank Andrea Fellows. A special thanks to Rainbow Graphics, especially David Hommel, Tina Castle, and Susan Cooper, for remarkable editorial and production work, and to Ravish Amin for creating the web survey. Thanks to Elizabeth Sanders and Ashley Pound for the interior design. For contributions and corrections, we thank Brad Barlow, Pravir Baxi, Carolyn Botros, Sarah Chamberlain, Marla Davis, Jennifer Dias, Christina Dornshuld, Scott Drutman, David Durand, Parastu Emrani, Michael Galabi, Christian Ghattas, Juan Gonzalez, Will Grover, Felipe T. Guillen, Arum Kim, Daniel Kim, Gabriel Kleinman, Nicholas Kotch, Tim LaBonte, David Levy, Christina Li, Michael Lin, Jon Lindquist, Brian J. Manfredi, Edgar Manzanera, David Margolius, Geronimo Mendoza, Karl Migally, Esmy Mohm, Dania Molla-Hosseini, Tareq Nassar, Meg Park, Jennifer Parker, Erin Perko, Kendall Riley, Nelson Royall, Eshan Sapra, Layli Sanaee, Heather Scoffone, Stephen Seedial, Malik Shahid, Joshua Sloan, Versha Srivastasa, Matthew Stewart, Sharon Tsay, Shannon Toohey, Kenneth Visalli, Amanda Weinmann, Melisa Wong, Suzanna Yadgarov, and Dustin Yoon. Thanks to Steve Albrechta, Maureen Ayers Looby, Erika Bernardo, Rachel Burkard, Lindsey Chmielewski, Hector Colon, Erin Conboy, Christine DeSanno, Conor Dolehide, Christina Dornshuld, Travis Dunn, Dan Falvey, William A. Fields, Kristin Gehrking, Marlow Griggs, Michelle Harper, Kristin Huntoon, Benjamin Johnson, Emily Johnson, Gina Johnson, Nicholas Jubert, Dejah Judelson, Landon Karren, Harris Khan, Alexander Kim, Sarah Liebe, Christina Lohbeck, Patrick Looser, Brandon Mauldin, Mitch McKenzie, Michelle Miller, Charles Newlin, Jordan Lee Nordquist, Sara Olmanson, Jonathan James Olson, Andrea Paulson, Monica Pena, Susan Pleasants, Vanessa Raabe, Petra Rahaman, Justin Schulte, Erin Seidel, Michael Silverstein, Rebecca Stepan, Gary Tsai, Lydia I. Turnbull, and Liz Wasson for submitting book reviews.

How to Use This Book

We have made many improvements and added several new features to this edition of First Aid for the USMLE Step 2 CK. In particular, we have added more tables, charts, and images throughout the text to facilitate studying. We encourage you to read all aspects of the text to learn the material in context; however, when you get closer to test day, focus on the high-yield bolded text and comments in the margins of each page. These features have many of the “buzzwords” you should be looking for on exam day. Finally, we have included new vignette questions to periodically test your knowledge of key concepts. These questions are located in the lower or upper right corner of certain pages. To prevent peeking at the answers, you’ll find the answer on the back of the same page in the lower or upper left corner. These questions are not always representative of test questions. To simulate the actual test day and to properly judge your true understanding of the material, you can use the USMLERx Step 2 CK Qmax question test bank (www.usmlerx.com), which was developed by the First Aid author team. The test bank and this text are more than enough to allow many students to ace the exam. However, if you are constantly on the move while preparing for this exam or need some extra practice, use the USMLERx Step 2 CK mobile application for mobile devices. To broaden your learning strategy, you can integrate your First Aid study with First Aid Cases for the USMLE Step 2 CK and First Aid Q&A for the USMLE Step 2 CK. Please note that First Aid Q&A draws a portion of its questions from USMLERx. First Aid Cases and First Aid Q&A are organized to match First Aid for the USMLE Step 2 CK chapter for chapter. After reviewing a chapter within First Aid, you can review cases on the same topics and then test your knowledge in the corresponding chapters of First Aid Cases and First Aid Q&A. First Aid Q&A is also available as an iPhone app. Additional materials may also be found in the Review Resources section of this book. Good luck!

Introduction

The United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 2 allows you to pull together your clinical experience on the wards with the numerous “factoids” and classical disease presentations that you have memorized over the years. Whereas Step 1 stresses basic disease mechanisms and principles, Step 2 places more emphasis on clinical diagnosis and management, disease pathogenesis, and preventive medicine. The Step 2 examination is now composed of two parts: n The Step 2 Clinical Knowledge examination (Step 2 CK) n The Step 2 Clinical Skills examination (Step 2 CS) The USMLE Step 2 CK is the second of three examinations that you must pass in order to become a licensed physician in the United States. The computerized Step 2 CK is a 1-day (9-hour) multiple-choice examination. Students are also required to take the Step 2 CS, which is a 1-day live examination in which students examine 12 standardized patients. For more information on this examination, please refer to First Aid for the USMLE Step 2 CS. Information about the Step 2 CS format and about eligibility, registration, and scoring can be found at www.nbme.org. The information found in this section as well as in the remainder of the book will address only the Step 2 CK.

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About the Author

Tao Le, MD, MHS is Assistant Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics in the Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology at The University of Louisville (Louisville, KY). He is the founder of USMLE Rx.com, an online subscription database of USMLE review questions.

Vikas Bhushan, MD practices diagnostic radiology from his home-base in Los Angeles, CA.

Nathan Skelley is the senior student editor.

Contributing Authors and Junior Editors are from Yale University School of Medicine and The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

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