Financial Derivatives and Banking By Guru Pdf
Download Financial Derivatives and Banking By Guru Pdf book free online – from Financial Derivatives and Banking By Guru Pdf book; Derivatives are sound investment vehicles that make investing and business practices more efficient and reliable. This book describes the following topics: Derivative Securities, Futures and Forwards: Trading Mechanism and Pricing, Use Of Futures For Hedging, Interest Rate Futures, Swap Markets, Option Markets, Option Pricing, Strategies Involving Options,
The term ‘derivative’ indicates that it has no independent value, that is its value is entirely derived from the value of the underlying asset. The underlying asset can be securities, commodities, bullion, currency, livestock or anything else.
There are two types of derivatives. Commodity derivatives and financial derivatives. Firstly derivatives originated as a tool for managing risk in commodities markets. In commodity derivatives, the underlying asset is a commodity. It can be agricultural commodity like wheat, soybeans, rapeseed, cotton etc. or precious metals like gold, silver etc. The term financial derivative denotes a variety of financial instruments including stocks, bonds, treasury bills, interest rate, foreign currencies and other hybrid securities. Financial derivatives include futures, forwards, options, swaps, etc. Futures contracts are the most important form of derivatives, which are in existence long before the term ‘derivative’ was coined. Financial derivatives can also be derived from a combination of cash market instruments or other financial derivative instruments. In fact, most of the financial derivatives are not new instruments rather they are merely combinations of older generation derivatives and/or standard cash market instruments.
Although financial derivatives have been is operation since long, but they have become a major force in financial markets in the early 1970s. The basic reason behind this development was the failure of Brettonwood System and the fixed exchange rate regime was broken down. As a result, new exchange rate regime, that is, floating rate (flexible) system based upon market forces came into existence. But due to pressure or demand and supply on different currencies, the exchange rates were constantly changing, and often, substantially. As a result, the business firms faced a new risk, known as currency or foreign exchange risk. Accordingly, a new financial instrument was developed to overcome this risk in the new financial environment.