SIWES Report – Fishery and Aquaculture
SIWES REPORT – Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES) is one of the industrial training fund ) (ITF) program. It was designed to give Nigerian students studying occupationally –related courses in higher institutions the experience that would supplement their theoretical learning. SIWES unit in the University Maiduguri was established in the year 1986 as an industrial coordinating unit catering for mostly science and some art based students on industrial attachment. The foundation staff were four (4) that comprised an industrial coordinator who is responsible to the Vice Chancellor for the day to day running of the affair of the office, a secretary/typist and an office assistant. SIWES unit was finally and officially commissioned on July, 2006.
As an accreditation requirement by the National Universities Commission (NUC) the unit was formally upgraded to directorate under the leadership of the Vice Chancellor, Professor Ibrahim Abubakar Njodi. Over the years the clientele students population has increased. The directorate has been doing its work with significant impact on students.
The students industrial work experience scheme directorate (SIWES) is established to facilitate the full realization and mandatory skills acquisition and proper training programmes designed to expose students to the industrial workplace environment in their respective disciplines during their course of study. The students are expected to develop occupational competence that would facilitate their fitting into the world of work after graduation.
Objectives of SIWES
The programmes of SIWES are designed to achieve the following objectives:
- Provision of avenue for students to acquire industrial skills and experience during their course of study
- To prepare students for the work situation they are likely to meet after graduation
- To expose students to work methods and techniques in handling equipment and machineries that they may not be available in the universities
- To make the transition from the university to the world of work easier and thus enhance students contacts for later job placement.
- To provide students with an opportunity to apply their theoretical knowledge in real work situations, thereby bridging the gap between theory and practice.
Functions of University of Maiduguri SIWES Directorate
By the directive of National Universities Commission (NUC) and Industrial Training Fund (ITF), the directorate is mandated to carry out the following functions:
- identify placement opportunities for students attachment with employers;
- supervision of students placed in the industries located within ITF zone.
- Processing of students logbooks, ITF forms and industrial attachment reports upon which is based in the federal government funding of supervision and students allowances
- Fostering of close links between the university and industries participating in SIWES programmme
- Provision of advisory guidance to participating students on career employment opportunities
- Monitoring of compliance with the requirements of SIWES on the part of students in eligible disciplines as a condition for graduation
- Facilitate of disbursement of students allowance to deserving students through e-payment
- Apply job-specifications as prepared for all the accredited courses and award appropriate credit units in accordance with federal Government minimum academic standard guidelines
- Organize orientation courses in collaboration with ITF for the students.
Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture), also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms. Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions, and can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish. Mariculturerefers to aquaculture practiced in marine environments and in underwater habitats.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), aquaculture “is understood to mean the farming of aquatic organisms including fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants. Farming implies some form of intervention in the rearing process to enhance production, such as regular stocking, feeding, protection from predators, etc. Farming also implies individual or corporate ownership of the stock being cultivated.” The reported output from global aquaculture operations in 2014 supplied over one half of the fish and shellfish that is directly consumed by humans; however, there are issues about the reliability of the reported figures. Further, in current aquaculture practice, products from several pounds of wild fish are used to produce one pound of a piscivorous fish like salmon.
Particular kinds of aquaculture include fish farming, shrimp farming, oyster farming, mariculture, algaculture (such as seaweed farming), and the cultivation of ornamental fish. Particular methods include aquaponics and integrated multi-trophic aquaculture, both of which integrate fish farming and aquatic plant farming.