Download Heat Transfer by Jack Holman 10th Edition

Heat Transfer by Jack Holman 10th Edition pdf

Heat Transfer – As one of the most popular heat transfer texts, Jack Holman’s Heat Transfer is noted for its clarity, accessible approach, and inclusion of many examples and problem sets. The new tenth edition retains the straight-forward, to-the-point writing style while covering both analytical and empirical approaches to the subject.

Throughout the book, emphasis is placed on physical understanding while, at the same time, relying on meaningful experimental data in those situations that do not permit a simple analytical solution. New examples and templates provide students with updated resources for computer-numerical solutions. Sell iTunes Gift Card in Nigeria

Preface – Heat Transfer

This book presents an elementary treatment of the principles of heat transfer. As a text it contains more than enough material for a one-semester course that may be presented at the junior level, or higher, depending on individual course objectives. The course is normally required in chemical and mechanical engineering curricula but is recommended for electrical engineering students as well, because of the significance of cooling problems in various electronics applications.

In the author’s experience, electrical engineering students do quite well in a heat-transfer course, even with no formal coursework background in thermodynamics or fluid mechanics.

A background in ordinary differential equations is helpful for proper understanding of the material. Presentation of the subject follows classical lines of separate discussions for conduction, convection, and radiation, although it is emphasized that the physical mechanism of convection heat transfer is one of conduction through the stationary fluid layer near the heattransfer surface. Throughout the book emphasis has been placed on physical understanding while, at the same time, relying on meaningful experimental data in those circumstances that do not permit a simple analytical solution. Conduction is treated from both the analytical and the numerical viewpoint, so that the reader is afforded the insight that is gained from analytical solutions as well as the important tools of numerical analysis that must often be used in practice.

Aliberal number of numerical examples are given that include heat sources and radiation boundary conditions, non-uniform mesh size, and one example of a three-dimensional nodal system. A similar procedure is followed in the presentation of convection heat transfer. An integral analysis of both free- and forced-convection boundary layers is used to present a physical picture of the convection process. From this physical description, inferences may be drawn that naturally lead to the presentation of empirical and practical relations for calculating convection heattransfer coefficients. Because it provides an easier instruction vehicle than other methods, the radiation-network method is used extensively in the introduction of analysis of radiation systems, while a more generalized formulation is given later. Systems of nonlinear equations requiring iterative solutions are also discussed in the conduction and radiation chapters but the details of solution are relegated to cited software references. The assumption is made that the well-disposed reader should select his or her own preferred vehicle for solution of systems of nonlinear equations.

The log-mean-temperature-difference and effectiveness approaches are presented in heat-exchanger analysis since both are in wide use and each offers its own advantages to the designer. A brief introduction to diffusion and mass transfer is presented in order to acquaint the reader with these processes and to establish more firmly the important analogies between heat, mass, and momentum transfer.Anew Chapter 12 has been added on summary and design information. Numerous calculation charts are offered in this chapter as an aid in preliminary design work where speed and utility may be more important than the accuracy that may be required in final design stages. Eleven new examples are presented in this chapter illustrating use of the charts. Problems are included at the end of each chapter. Some of these problems are of a routine nature to familiarize the student with the numerical manipulations and orders of magnitude of various parameters that occur in the subject of heat transfer. Other problems extend the subject matter by requiring students to apply the basic principles to new situations and develop their own equations. Both types of problems are important. There is also a section at the end of each problem set designated as “Design-Oriented Problems.” The problems in these sections typically are open-ended and do not result in a unique answer. In some cases they are rather extended in length and require judgment decisions during the solution process. Over 100 such problems are included in the text. The subject of heat transfer is not static. New developments occur quite regularly, and better analytical solutions and empirical data are continuously made available to the professional in the field. Because of the huge amount of information that is available in the research literature, the beginning student could easily be overwhelmed if too many of the nuances of the subject were displayed and expanded. The book is designed to serve as an elementary text, so the author has assumed a role of interpreter of the literature with those findings and equations being presented that can be of immediate utility to the reader. It is hoped that the student’s attention is called to more extensive works in a sufficient number of instances to emphasize the depth that is available on most of the subjects of heat transfer. For the serious student, then, the end-of-chapter references offer an open door to the literature of heat transfer that can pyramid upon further investigation. Heat Transfer

In several chapters the number of references offered is much larger than necessary, and older citations of historical interest have been retained freely. The author feels this is a luxury that will not be intrusive on the reader or detract from the utility of the text. A book in its tenth edition obviously reflects many compromises and evolutionary processes over the years. While the basic physical mechanisms of heat transfer have not changed, analytical techniques and experimental data have been revised and improved. In this edition some trimming of out-of-date material has been effected, new problems added, and old problems refreshed.Heat Transfer

Sixteen new worked examples have been added. All worked examples are now referenced by page number at the front of the book, just following the Table of Contents. The listing of such examples is still retained at the end of each chapter. A feature is the use of Microsoft Excel for solution of both steady-state and transient conduction heat-transfer problems. Excel is given a rather full discussion in a newAppendix D, which includes treatment of heat source and radiation boundary conditions, steady-state and transient conditions, and interfaces between composite materials. A special template is provided that automatically writes nodal equations for most common boundary conditions. Ten examples of the use of Excel for solution of problems are provided, including some modifications and expansions of examples that appear in Chapters 3 and 4. One example illustrates the progression of transient solution to yield the steady-state solution for sufficiently long-time duration In addition to the summary tables of convection formulas provided at the conclusion of each of the main convection chapters (Chapters 5, 6, 7), an overall procedure is now offered for analysis of all convection problems, and is included in the inside book cover as well as in the body of the text. Heat Transfer

While one might interpret this as a cookbook approach, the true intent is to help heat-transfer practitioners avoid common and disarmingly simple pitfalls in the analysis and solution of convection problems. The SI (metric) system of units is the primary one for the text. Because the Btu-ft-pound system is still in wide use, answers and intermediate steps to examples are occasionally stated in these units. A few examples and problems are in English units. It is not possible to cover all the topics in this book in either a quarter- or semester-term course, but it is hoped that the variety of topics and problems will provide the necessary flexibility for many applications.

About the Author

J. P. Holman received the Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Oklahoma State University. After two years as a research scientist at the Wright Aerospace Research Laboratory, he joined the faculty of Southern Methodist University, where he is presently Professor Emeritus of Mechanical Engineering. He has also held administrative positions as Director of the Thermal and Fluid Sciences Center, Head of the Civil and Mechanical Engineering Department, and Assistant Provost for Instructional Media. During his tenure at SMU he has been voted the outstanding faculty member by the student body 13 times.

Dr. Holman has published over 30 papers in several areas of heat transfer and his three widely used textbooks, Heat Transfer (9th edition, 2002), Experimental Methods for Engineers (7th edition, 2001), and Thermodynamics (4th edition, 1988), all published by McGraw-Hill, have been translated into Spanish, Portuguese, Japanese, Chinese, Korean, and Indonesian, and are distributed worldwide. He is also the author of the utilitarian monograph What Every Engineer Should Know About EXCEL (2006), published by CRC Press. Dr. Holman also consults for industry in the fields of heat transfer and energy systems. A member of ASEE, he is past Chairman of the National Mechanical Engineering Division and past chairman of the Region X Mechanical Engineering Department Heads.

Dr. Holman is a Fellow of ASME and recipient of several national awards: the George Westinghouse Award from ASEE for distinguished contributions to engineering education (1972), the James Harry Potter Gold Medal from ASME for contributions to thermodynamics (1986), the Worcester Reed Warner Gold Medal from ASME for outstanding contributions to the permanent literature of engineering (1987), and the Ralph Coats Roe Award from ASEE as the outstanding mechanical engineering educator of the year (1995). In 1993 he was the recipient of the Lohmann Medal from Oklahoma State University, awarded annually to a distinguished engineering alumnus of that institution.

Content – Heat Transfer

CHAPTER 1
Introduction 1
1-1 Conduction Heat Transfer 1
1-2 Thermal Conductivity 5
1-3 Convection Heat Transfer 10
1-4 Radiation Heat Transfer 12
1-5 Dimensions and Units 13
1-6 Summary 19
Review Questions 20
List of Worked Examples 21
Problems 21
References 25
CHAPTER 2
Steady-State Conduction—
One Dimension 27
2-1 Introduction 27
2-2 The Plane Wall 27
2-3 Insulation and R Values 28
2-4 Radial Systems 29
2-5 The Overall Heat-Transfer Coefficient 33
2-6 Critical Thickness of Insulation 39
2-7 Heat-Source Systems 41
2-8 Cylinder with Heat Sources 43
2-9 Conduction-Convection Systems 45
2-10 Fins 48
2-11 Thermal Contact Resistance 57
Review Questions 60
List of Worked Examples 60
Problems 61
References 75

CHAPTER 3
Steady-State Conduction—Multiple
Dimensions 77
3-1 Introduction 77
3-2 Mathematical Analysis of Two-Dimensional
Heat Conduction 77
3-3 Graphical Analysis 81
3-4 The Conduction Shape Factor 83
3-5 Numerical Method of Analysis 88
3-6 Numerical Formulation in Terms of
Resistance Elements 98
3-7 Gauss-Seidel Iteration 99
3-8 Accuracy Considerations 102
3-9 Electrical Analogy for Two-Dimensional
Conduction 118
3-10 Summary 119
Review Questions 119
List of Worked Examples 120
Problems 120
References 136

CHAPTER 4
Unsteady-State Conduction 139
4-1 Introduction 139
4-2 Lumped-Heat-Capacity System 141
4-3 Transient Heat Flow in a Semi-Infinite
Solid 143
4-4 Convection Boundary Conditions 147
4-5 Multidimensional Systems 162
4-6 Transient Numerical Method 168
4-7 Thermal Resistance and Capacity
Formulation 176
4-8 Summary 192
Review Questions 193
List of Worked Examples 193
Problems 194
References 214 Heat Transfer

CHAPTER 5
Principles of Convection 215
5-1 Introduction 215
5-2 Viscous Flow 215
5-3 Inviscid Flow 218
5-4 Laminar Boundary Layer on a Flat Plate 222
5-5 Energy Equation of the Boundary Layer 228
5-6 The Thermal Boundary Layer 231
5-7 The Relation Between Fluid Friction
and Heat Transfer 241
5-8 Turbulent-Boundary-Layer Heat Transfer 243
5-9 Turbulent-Boundary-Layer Thickness 250
5-10 Heat Transfer in Laminar Tube Flow 253
5-11 Turbulent Flow in a Tube 257
5-12 Heat Transfer in High-Speed Flow 259
5-13 Summary 264
Review Questions 264
List of Worked Examples 266
Problems 266
References 274 Heat Transfer

CHAPTER 6
Empirical and Practical Relations
for Forced-Convection Heat Transfer 277
6-1 Introduction 277
6-2 Empirical Relations for Pipe and Tube Flow 279
6-3 Flow Across Cylinders and Spheres 293
6-4 Flow Across Tube Banks 303
6-5 Liquid-Metal Heat Transfer 308
6-6 Summary 311
Review Questions 313
List of Worked Examples 314
Problems 314
References 324
CHAPTER 7
Natural Convection Systems 327
7-1 Introduction 327
7-2 Free-Convection Heat Transfer on a
Vertical Flat Plate 327
7-3 Empirical Relations for Free Convection 332
7-4 Free Convection from Vertical Planes
and Cylinders 334 Heat Transfer

7-5 Free Convection from Horizontal Cylinders 340
7-6 Free Convection from Horizontal Plates 342
7-7 Free Convection from Inclined Surfaces 344
7-8 Nonnewtonian Fluids 345
7-9 Simplified Equations for Air 345
7-10 Free Convection from Spheres 346
7-11 Free Convection in Enclosed Spaces 347
7-12 Combined Free and Forced Convection 358
7-13 Summary 362
7-14 Summary Procedure for all Convection
Problems 362
Review Questions 363
List of Worked Examples 365
Problems 365
References 375

CHAPTER 8
Radiation Heat Transfer 379
8-1 Introduction 379
8-2 Physical Mechanism 379
8-3 Radiation Properties 381
8-4 Radiation Shape Factor 388
8-5 Relations Between Shape Factors 398
8-6 Heat Exchange Between Nonblackbodies 404
8-7 Infinite Parallel Surfaces 411
8-8 Radiation Shields 416
8-9 Gas Radiation 420
8-10 Radiation Network for an Absorbing
and Transmitting Medium 421
8-11 Radiation Exchange with Specular Surfaces 426
8-12 Radiation Exchange with Transmitting,
Reflecting, and Absorbing Media 430
8-13 Formulation for Numerical Solution 437
8-14 Solar Radiation 451
8-15 Radiation Properties of the Environment 458
8-16 Effect of Radiation on Temperature
Measurement 459
8-17 The Radiation Heat-Transfer Coefficient 460
8-18 Summary 461
Review Questions 462
List of Worked Examples 462
Problems 463
References 485 Heat Transfer

CHAPTER 9
Condensation and Boiling Heat Transfer 487
9-1 Introduction 487
9-2 Condensation Heat-Transfer Phenomena 487
9-3 The Condensation Number 492
9-4 Film Condensation Inside Horizontal
Tubes 493
9-5 Boiling Heat Transfer 496
9-6 Simplified Relations for Boiling Heat Transfer
with Water 507
9-7 The Heat Pipe 509
9-8 Summary and Design Information 511
Review Questions 512
List of Worked Examples 513
Problems 513
References 517
CHAPTER 10
Heat Exchangers 521
10-1 Introduction 521
10-2 The Overall Heat-Transfer Coefficient 521
10-3 Fouling Factors 527
10-4 Types of Heat Exchangers 528
10-5 The Log Mean Temperature Difference 531
10-6 Effectiveness-NTU Method 540
10-7 Compact Heat Exchangers 555
10-8 Analysis for Variable Properties 559
10-9 Heat-Exchanger Design Considerations 567
Review Questions 567
List of Worked Examples 568
Problems 568

References 584
CHAPTER 11
Mass Transfer 587
11-1 Introduction 587
11-2 Fick’s Law of Diffusion 587
11-3 Diffusion in Gases 589
11-4 Diffusion in Liquids and Solids 593
11-5 The Mass-Transfer Coefficient 594
11-6 Evaporation Processes in the
Atmosphere 597 Heat Transfer

Review Questions 600
List of Worked Examples 601
Problems 601
References 603
CHAPTER 12
Summary and Design Information 605
12-1 Introduction 605
12-2 Conduction Problems 606
12-3 Convection Heat-Transfer Relations 608
12-4 Radiation Heat Transfer 623
12-5 Heat Exchangers 628
List of Worked Examples 645
Problems 645
APPENDIX A
Tables 649
A-1 The Error Function 649
A-2 Property Values for Metals 650
A-3 Properties of Nonmetals 654
A-4 Properties of Saturated Liquids 656
A-5 Properties of Air at Atmospheric
Pressure 658
A-6 Properties of Gases at Atmospheric
Pressure 659
A-7 Physical Properties of Some Common
Low-Melting-Point Metals 661
A-8 Diffusion Coefficients of Gases and Vapors

A-9 Properties of Water (Saturated Liquid) 662
A-10 Normal Total Emissivity of Various
Surfaces 663
A-11 Steel-Pipe Dimensions 665
A-12 Conversion Factors 666
APPENDIX B
Exact Solutions of LaminarBoundary-Layer Equations 667
APPENDIX C
Analytical Relations for the
Heisler Charts 673

APPENDIX D Heat Transfer
Use of Microsoft Excel for Solution
of Heat-Transfer Problems 679
D-1 Introduction 679
D-2 Excel Template for Solution of
Steady-State Heat-Transfer
Problems 679
D-3 Solution of Equations for Nonuniform
Grid and/or Nonuniform
Properties 683
D-4 Heat Sources and Radiation
Boundary Conditions 683
D-5 Excel Procedure for Transient
Heat Transfer 684
D-6 Formulation for Heating of Lumped Capacity
with Convection and Radiation 697
List of Worked Examples 712
References 712
Index 713

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