Download Fitzgerald’s Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience

Fitzgerald's Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience

Fitzgeralds Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience – Utilizing clear text and explanatory artwork to make clinical neuroanatomy and neuroscience as accessible as possible, this newly updated edition expertly integrates clinical neuroanatomy with the clinical application of neuroscience.

It’s widely regarded as the most richly illustrated book available for guidance through this complex subject, making it an ideal reference for both medical students and those in non-medical courses.

  • Complex concepts and subjects are broken down into easily digestible content with clear images and concise, straightforward explanations.
  • Boxes within each chapter contain clinical information assist in distilling key information and applying it to likely real-life clinical scenarios.
  • Chapters are organized by anatomical area with integrated analyses of sensory, motor and cognitive systems, and are designed to integrate clinical neuroanatomy with the basic practices and clinical application of neuroscience.
  • Opening summaries at the beginning of each chapter feature accompanying study guidelines to show how the chapter contents apply in a larger context.
  • Core information boxes at the conclusion of each chapter reinforce the most important facts and concepts covered.
  • Bulleted points help expedite study and retention.
  • Explanatory illustrations are drawn by the same meticulous artists who illustrated Gray’s Anatomy.
  • Each chapter includes accompanying tutorials available on Student Consult.
  • Student Consult eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience includes access — on a variety of devices — to the complete text, images, review questions, and tutorials from the book.
  • Thoroughly updated content reflects the latest knowledge in the field.

Table of Contents – Fitzgeralds Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience

1 Embryology

2 Cerebral topography

3 Midbrain, hindbrain, spinal cord

4 Meninges

5 Blood supply of the brain

6 Neurons and neuroglia: overview

7 Electrical events

8 Transmitters and receptors

9 Peripheral nerves

10 Innervation of muscles and joints

11 Innervation of skin

12 Electrodiagnostic examination

13 Autonomic nervous system and visceral afferents

14 Nerve roots

15 Spinal cord: ascending pathways

16 Spinal cord: descending pathways

17 Brainstem

18 The lowest four cranial nerves

19 Vestibular nerve

20 Cochlear nerve

21 Trigeminal nerve

22 Facial nerve

23 Ocular motor nerves

24 Reticular formation

25 Cerebellum

26 Hyplthalamus

27 Thalamus, epithalamus

28 Visual pathways

29 Cerebral cortex

30 Electroencephalography

31 Evoked potentials

32 Hemispheric asymmetries

33 Basal ganglia

34 Olfactory and limbic systems

35 Cerebrovascular disease 

Notices – Fitzgeralds Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience

Knowledge and best practice in this field are constantly changing. As new research and experience broaden ourunderstanding, changes in research methods, professional practices, or medical treatment may become necessary.Practitioners and researchers must always rely on their own experience and knowledge in evaluating and using anyinformation, methods, compounds, or experiments described herein.

In using such information or methods they should bemindful of their own safety and the safety of others, including parties for whom they have a professional responsibility.With respect to any drug or pharmaceutical products identified, readers are advised to check the most currentinformation provided (i) on procedures featured or (ii) by the manufacturer of each product to be administered, to verifythe recommended dose or formula, the method and duration of administration, and contraindications.

It is theresponsibility of practitioners, relying on their own experience and knowledge of their patients, to make diagnoses, todetermine dosages and the best treatment for each individual patient, and to take all appropriate safety precautions.To the fullest extent of the law, neither the Publisher nor the authors, contributors, or editors, assume any liability forany injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any useor operation of any methods, products, instructions, or ideas contained in the material herein

Preface – Fitzgeralds Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience

This textbook is designed as avade mecum (‘go with me’)for medical students. While based on campus, the gross andmicroscopic structures of the nervous system take prece-dence, along with their great diversity of functions. A strongstimulus to understand normal structure and function is pro-vided by clinical examples of the consequences of break-downs of diverse kinds. While hospital-based, consultationof the book in a clinical setting recalls the functional anatomystudied on campus. Sequential fusion of descriptive structure,function, and malfunction is known asvertical integration and is highly recommended owing to its manifest logic. Fitzgeralds Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience

Chapters and Pages

Following a brief account of nervous system developmentin Chapter 1, the topography of the brain and spinal cordand their meningeal surrounds occupies Chapters 2–4. Next(Ch. 5) comes the clinically very importantblood supply.Microscopic and ultramicroscopic anatomy of neurons (nervecells) and neuroglia (their surrounding ‘nerve glue’) come tothe fore in Chapter 6, along with some compression effectsof expanding neuroglial tumors.Chapter 7 changes the context by describing electricalevents underlying the impulses that are triggered at the pointof origin of axons and speed along the axons and theirbranches to liberate excitatory or inhibitory molecules ontotarget neurons. Fitzgeralds Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience

These molecules, pillars of the science ofneuropharmacology, are examined in Chapter 8. Chapters9–11 explore the structure and distribution of the peripheralnerves attached to the spinal cord and innervating themuscles and skin of the trunk and limbs. Electrical activityreturns in Chapter 12 in the form ofelectromyography, atechnique widely used in the detection of neuromusculardisorders of various kinds.

Theautonomic nervous system (Ch. 13) controls thesmooth musculature of the vascular system and of the ali-mentary, urinary, and reproductive tracts. Thespinal nerves (Ch. 14) attached to the whole length of the spinal cord, are‘mixed’ (both motor and sensory) and innervate all of thevoluntary muscles and skin in the trunk and limbs. Descrip-tion of the contents of the spinal cord itself occupies Chapters15 and 16.Thebrainstem (medulla oblongata, pons, and midbrain)connects the spinal cord to the cerebral hemispheres, asdescribed by means of transverse sections in Chapter 17. Thecranial nerves attached to it (nerves III to XII) are describedin Chapters 19–23. Chapter 24 is devoted to thereticular formation of the brainstem which,inter alia, links cranialnerves to one another. Fitzgeralds Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience

Thecerebellum (Ch. 25) occupies the posterior cranialfossa. Its afferent (L. ‘carry to’) connections from voluntarymuscles and itsefferent  (‘carry out’) connections with themotor cortex in the brain are vital for control the smoothnessof all voluntary movements.Thehypothalamus (Ch. 26) can be traced back in natureas far as the reptiles. It still operates basic survival controls,including food and fluid intake, temperature control, andsleep. Above it are the thalamus and epithalamus (Ch. 27),the former having numerous vital connections to cerebralcortex and spinal cord.

TheVisual pathways chapter (Ch. 28) lays out the largestof all horizontal pathways, stretching from the very front endof the brain – the retina – to the very back – the occipitalcortex. Its clinical significance is obvious.Chapter 29 examines the histological structure of thecer-ebral cortex, and provides a summary functional account ofthe different cortical areas. Electrical activities are examinedby means ofelectroencephalogrophy (Ch. 30) andevoked potentials (Ch. 31). Fitzgeralds Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience

Functional inequalities between the leftand right sides of the brain are the subject of Chapter 32,hemispherical asymmetries.Thebasal ganglia (Ch. 33) are a group of nuclei at the baseof the brain primarily involved in the control of movement.The most frequent failure of control takes the form ofPar-kinson’s disease.The final anatomic structures, analyzed in Chapter 34, aretheolfactory (smell)system and thelimbic system, the latterbeing of major emotional significance.Chapter 35 is aboutcerebrovascular disease. The mainpurpose of this chapter is to highlight the functional defectsthat follow cerebral hemorrhage or thrombosis.

Chapter title pages feature:

Chapter SummaryA list of the items to be dealt with inthe chapter.Boxes Contain titles of structures/functions to be exam-ined in detail.Clinical Panels Functional disorders related to thismaterial.Study Guidelines A running commentary on the subjectmatter, stressing features of clinical importance.

Website features TutorialsEach chapter contains a ‘Web tutorial’ notificationat an appropriate point. Clicking the appropriate button willdeliver a slide show on the relevant topic, with a scriptand optional voiceover commentary. Particular attention isdrawn to ‘Nuclear magnetic resonance (Web tutorial 2)’ inChapter 2 (55 slides) and ‘Arterial supply of the forebrain(Web tutorial 5)’ in Chapter 5 (27 slides).MCQsWebsite MCQs are available for each chapter. All200 are in USMLE format. Half contain an illustration, halfare text only.Case studies30 case studies (127 slides) demonstrating theclinical consequences of physical or inflammatory damage tonervous tissues.

Faculty resources

An image bank is available to help you prepare lectures viaour Evolve website. Contact your local sales representativefor more information, or go directly to the Evolve website torequest access:

Details – Fitzgeralds Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience

No. of pages: 432Language: EnglishCopyright: © Saunders 2011Published: 20th May 2011Imprint: SaunderseBook ISBN: 9781455704071eBook ISBN: 9780702045035eBook ISBN: 9780702059537eBook ISBN: 9780702059551eBook ISBN: 9780702056314

About the Author

Estomih Mtui

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Clinical Anatomy in Neurology and Neuroscience, Director, Program in Anatomy and Visualization, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY

Gregory Gruener

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, Leischner Institute for Medical Education, Leischner Professor of Medical Education, Senior Associate Dean, Stritch School of Medicine, Professor of Neurology, Associate Chair of Neurology, Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, IL

M. J. T. FitzGerald

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Professor, Department of Anatomy, University College, Galway, Ireland

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