Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and Design PDF

Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and Design PDF

Download Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and Design PDF by John E. Ayers – From Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and Design: Exponential improvement in functionality and performance of digital integrated circuits has revolutionized the way we live and work. Buy from Amazon

Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and Design PDF

The continued scaling down of MOS transistors has broadened the scope of use for circuit technology to the point that texts on the topic are generally lacking after a few years.

The second edition of Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and Design focuses on timeless principles with a modern interdisciplinary view that will serve integrated circuits engineers from all disciplines for years to come. Providing a revised instructional reference for engineers involved with Very Large Scale Integrated Circuit design and fabrication, this book delves into the dramatic advances in the field, including new applications and changes in the physics of operation made possible by relentless miniaturization.

This book was conceived in the versatile spirit of the field to bridge a void that had existed between books on transistor electronics and those covering VLSI design and fabrication as a separate topic. Like the first edition, this volume is a crucial link for integrated circuit engineers and those studying the field, supplying the cross-disciplinary connections they require for guidance in more advanced work.

For pedagogical reasons, the author uses SPICE level 1 computer simulation models but introduces BSIM models that are indispensable for VLSI design. This enables users to develop a strong and intuitive sense of device and circuit design by drawing direct connections between the hand analysis and the SPICE models. Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and Design PDF

With four new chapters, more than 200 new illustrations, numerous worked examples, case studies, and support provided on a dynamic website, this text significantly expands concepts presented in the first edition.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Historical Perspective and Moore’s Law

Electrical Properties of Digital Integrated Circuits

Computer-Aided Design and Verification

Fabrication

Semiconductors and Junctions

The MOS Transistor

MOS Gate Circuits

Interconnect

Dynamic CMOS

Low-Power CMOS

Bistable Circuits

Memories

Input/Output and Interface Circuits

Fabrication

Basic CMOS Fabrication Sequence

Advanced Processing for High-Performance CMOS

Lithography and Masks

Layout and Design Rules

Testing and Yield

Packaging

Burn-In and Accelerated Testing

Semiconductors and p-n Junctions

Crystal Structure of Silicon

Energy Bands

Carrier Concentrations

Current Transport

Carrier Continuity Equations

Poisson’s Equation

The p-n Junction

Metal-Semiconductor Junctions

SPICE Models

The MOS Transistor

The MOS Capacitor

Threshold Voltage

MOSFET Current-Voltage Characteristics

Short-Channel MOSFETs

MOSFET Design

MOSFET Capacitances

MOSFET Constant-Field Scaling

SPICE MOSFET Models

SPICE Demonstrations

MOS Gate Circuits

Inverter Static Characteristics

Critical Voltages

Dissipation

Propagation Delays

Fan-Out

NOR Circuits

NAND Circuits

Exclusive OR (XOR) Circuit

General Logic Design

Pass Transistor Circuits

SPICE Demonstrations

Static CMOS

Voltage Transfer Characteristic

Load Surface Analysis

Critical Voltages

Crossover (Short-Circuit) Current

Propagation Delays

Inverter Rise and Fall Times

Propagation Delays in Short-Channel CMOS

Power Dissipation

Fan-Out

Circuit Delays as Functions of Fan-Out

CMOS Ring Oscillator

CMOS Inverter Design

CMOS NAND Circuits

CMOS NOR Circuits

Other Logic Functions in CMOS

74HC Series CMOS

Pseudo NMOS Circuits

Scaling of CMOS

Latch-Up in CMOS

SPICE Demonstrations

Interconnect

Capacitance of Interconnect

Resistance of Interconnect

Inductance of Interconnect

Modeling Interconnect Delays

Crosstalk

Polysilicon Interconnect

SPICE Demonstrations

Practical Perspective

Dynamic CMOS

Rise Time

Fall Time

Charge Sharing

Charge Retention

Logic Design

Alternative Form Using a p-MOS Pull-Up Network

Cascading of Dynamic Logic Circuits

Domino Logic

Multiple-Output Domino Logic

Zipper Logic

Dynamic Pass Transistor Circuits

CMOS Transmission Gate Circuits

SPICE Demonstrations

Practical Perspective

Low-Power CMOS

Low-Voltage CMOS

Multiple Voltage CMOS

Dynamic Voltage Scaling

Active Body Biasing

Multiple-Threshold CMOS

Adiabatic Logic

Silicon-on-Insulator

Practical Perspective

Bistable Circuits

Set-Reset Latch

SR Flip-flop

JK Flip-flops

Other Flip-flops

Schmitt Triggers

SPICE Demonstrations

Practical Perspective

Digital Memories

Static Random Access Memory

Dynamic Random Access Memory

Read-Only Memory

Programmable Read-Only Memory

Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

Flash Memory

Other Nonvolatile Memories

Access Times in Digital Memories

Row and Column Decoder Design

Practical Perspective

Input/Output and Interface Circuits

Input Electrostatic Discharge Protection

Input Enable Circuits

CMOS Output Buffers

Tri-State Outputs

Interface Circuits

SPICE Demonstrations

Appendices

About the Author

John E. Ayers grew up eight miles from an integrated circuit design and fabrication facility, where he worked as a technician and first developed his passionate interest in the topic. After earning a BSEE degree from the University of Maine (Orono, Maine) in 1984, he worked as an integrated circuit test engineer for National Semiconductor (South Portland, Maine). He worked for six years at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (Troy, New York) and Philips Laboratories (Briarcliff, New York) on semiconductor material growth and characterization, earning the MSEE in 1987 and the PhDEE in 1990, both from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Since then, he has been employed in academic research and teaching at the University of Connecticut (Storrs, Connecticut), where he has taught the course on digital integrated circuits for a number of years. Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and Design PDF

He has been honored with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Best Teacher Award (2003–2004 and 2004–2005) and the School of Engineering Outstanding Teaching Award (2000–2001) and is a University of Connecticut Teaching Fellow (1999–2000). Ayers has authored more than 60 journal and conference papers as well as three books. He is a member of Eta Kappa Nu, Tau Beta Pi, and Phi Kappa Phi and is a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. He lives in Ashford, Connecticut, and enjoys running, hiking, and bicycling with his wife and three children.

Preface – Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and Design PDF

Today, there is no fi eld of enterprise more dynamic or challenging than digital integrated circuits. Since the invention of the integrated circuit in 1958, our ability to pack transistors on a single chip of silicon has doubled roughly every 18–24 months, as described by Moore’s law. As a consequence, the functionality and performance of digital integrated circuits have improved geometrically with time. Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and Design PDF

This exponential progress is unmatched in any endeavor of mankind and has revolutionized the way we live and work. The rapid progress in digital circuitry, and the relentless scaling of MOS transistors that brought it about, have broadened the interdisciplinary reach of the fi eld. More than ever, the materials, processing, device physics, and circuit performance characteristics are inseparably linked. The original book, conceived in this interdisciplinary spirit and with a strong focus on principles, bridged a void that had existed between books on transistor electronics and those treating VLSI design and fabrication as a separate topic. This second edition adheres to this same successful concept but is signifi cantly improved in nearly every way, with four new chapters, more than 200 new illustrations, and support provided on a dynamic website (http:// www.engr.uconn.edu/ece/books/ayers), including a section for instructors. An all-new chapter describes the integrated circuit fabrication process with detailed illustrations and discussions of the dual damascene process for copper interconnect, metal gates, and high-κ gate dielectric. The expanded chapter on the MOS transistor includes new material on the physics of short-channel devices. CMOS circuitry has been covered in greater detail by incorporating numerous new examples and short-channel behavior. Like the fi rst edition, this book bridges the gap between courses in transistor electronics and VLSI design or fabrication. Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and Design PDF

It serves as a crucial link for integrated circuit engineers, because they make the cross-disciplinary connections to guide them in more advanced work. For pedagogical reasons, this book uses SPICE level 1 models (similar to the transistor electronics courses) but introduces BSIM models that are indispensable for VLSI design. This approach makes it possible to draw direct connections between the hand analysis and the SPICE models for the development of a strong and intuitive sense of device and circuit design. Once these connections are made, the BSIM device models can be better appreciated as incorporating many second-order and empirical corrections to the predictions of the level 1 model. Digital Integrated Circuits, Second Edition, focusing on principles and presented from a modern interdisciplinary view, should serve integrated circuits engineers from all disciplines for years to come

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