Cost Accounting Course Material Pdf
Download Cost Accounting Course Material Pdf book free online – from Cost Accounting Course Material Pdf book; Cost Accounting is a branch of accounting and has been developed due to limitations of financial accounting. Topics covered includes: Costing and Cost Accounting, Cost classification, Labour, Importance of Labour Cost Control, Time Wage System, Methods of Costing, Contract Costing, Cost Control Techniques.
Cost Accounting is a branch of accounting and has been developed due to limitations of financial accounting. Financial accounting is primarily concerned with record keeping directed towards the preparation of Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet. It provides information regarding the profit and loss that the business enterprise is making and also its financial position on a particular date. The financial accounting reports help the management to control in a general way the various functions of the business but it fails to give detailed reports on the efficiency of various divisions.
The main object of traditional cost accounts is the analysis of financial records, so as to subdivide expenditure and to allocate it carefully to selected cost centers, and hence to build up a total cost for the departments, processes or jobs or contracts of the undertaking. The extent to which the analysis of expenditure should be carried will depend upon the nature of business and degree of accuracy desired. The other important objective of costing are cost control and cost reduction.
Cost should be related as closely as possible to their causes so that cost will be shared only among the cost units that pass thorough the department of which the expenses are related.
It aims at systematic recording of expenses and analysis of the same so as to ascertain the cost of each product manufactured or service rendered by an organization. Information regarding cost of each product or service would enable the management to know where to economize on costs, how to fix prices, how to maximize profits and so on.